I must say that this was one of the darkest mission church interiors that we've been in so far. Just glad that I was able to adjust the camera settings enough to make up for lack of decent lighting. I'm sure that they do turn the lights on during mass/services.
From California's Missions and Presidios by Tracy Salcedo-Chourre: "Red carpets protect the original floor tiles, upon which are set light-colored pews. The high walls are painted in hues of pink and red, with a fresco of flowers in pink and green separating the shades and painted columns stretching upward between high windows and 250-year-old renderings of the Stations of the Cross. The beams of the high ceiling are painted a mottled green, and from them hang wooden chandeliers fashioned by Sir Henry Downie, famed restorer of the Carmel Mission."
From the Mission brochure: "The Shrine of Our Lady of the Apocalypse was erected during Monsignor Daniel Hurley's pastorate (1939-1954)."
From the Mission brochure: "The old olive mill, which produced oil for diverse uses at the Mission, was taken to a private vineyard shortly before the turn of the century. It was subsequently acquired and utilized by the Canet family, who returned the remaining stone and crossbar to the Mission garden at the request of Father Patrick Grogan."
Location: 211 East Main St., Ventura, CA 93001.
Gift Shop & Museum: 225 East Main St., Ventura, CA 93001.
If heading north on Hwy. 101, exit California Street and turn right. Go past Thompson Blvd., then Santa Clara St. The next street will be E. Main St., turn left. The mission is 2 blocks up on the right hand side, just past Figueroa Street Mall. There are parking spaces all along Main Street (metered - will take credit cards).
Contact: Tel (805)643-4469 www.sanbuenaventuramission.org
Hours: Open daily for self-guided tours (you must go the the Mission Gift Shop to pay for admission and start the tour): M-F 10am - 5pm; Sat 9am - 5pm; Sun 10am - 4pm. Closed Thanksgiving, Christmas Day, New Year's Day, and Easter.
Admission Fees: $4 for adults, $3 for seniors (65+), $1 for children under 18, $10 for families with children.
Named For: St. Bonaventure, a 13th century Franciscan cardinal and renowned philosopher.
Founding Father: Junipero Serra
Indians Joining the Mission: San Buenaventura was located in the land of the Chumash people. After the establishment of the mission the neophytes were known as Ventureno.
Mission Site: The mission was located near the sizeable Indian village of Mitsquanaqa'n with about 500 inhabitants. San Buenaventura is 70 miles north of Los Angeles in the city of Ventura, which developed around the mission.
Layout: Traditional quadrangle, which was still standing as late as 1875.
Water Source: A seven-mile-long earth and masonry zanja or aqueduct brought water from the Ventura River.
Population: The peak years for this mission were 1802-1821. The highest recorded population was 1,328 in 1816. During the mission era there were 1,107 marriages performed at San Buenaventura.
Livestock: In 1816 (the peak year) the mission had over 41,000 animals including 23,400 cattle, 12,144 sheep and 4,493 horses (one of the largest stables of horses in the mission chain).
Agricultural Output: Over the years 1784 - 1834 the mission reported harvesting 191,291 bushels of wheat, barley, corns beans, peas, lentils, garbanzos (chickpeas) and habas (broad beans).
Mission Church: The first church was destroyed by fire in 1793. The second church was dedicated in 1809, and reconstructed in 1816 after an earthquake. The walls are six foot thick near the base. The church had to be restored after it was "modernized" in 1893. Restoration was completed in 1957.
Mission Bells: A three-tiered campanario contains five bells originally borrowed from Mission Santa Barbara. The two oldest bells date from 1781. The bell on the upper level is the newest. It was cast in 1956 in Paris.
Mission Art: The high altar and its reredos originated in Mexico and were installed when the church was dedicated in 1809. The Shrine of the Crucifixion on the left side of the church contains a four hundred-year old bulto.
Special Attraction: There is a well-landscaped garden with a fountain, stone grotto, and exterior displays on the east side of the church. The inviting mission museum (built in 1929) contains the original church doors and two original wooden bells, which were used during Holy Week when the metal bells were silent.
Significant Event: Although the mission was evacuated for a month in 1818 because of the threat of a pirate attack by the Argentine privateer Hypolite Bouchard, the mission was nonetheless spared.
Year Returned to Catholic Church: 1862 in a proclamation signed by Abraham Lincoln.
Current Status: Active Roman Catholic Church of the Archdiocese of Los Angeles.
Interesting Facts: San Buenaventura was intended to be the 3rd mission, but its founding was postponed for 13 years, and so it became the 9th mission established. In the mission era whaling ships anchored near the mission to replenish their food lockers and trade for cured cattle hides (called Yankee Dollars). Captain George Vancouver met Fr. Dumetz at the mission in 1793 and named Point Dume, between Point Mugu and Malibu, after the friar.